I was diagnosed with an incurable blood cancer called multiple myeloma in early 1994. MM is a rare cancer at about 33,000 diagnoses annually. NET’s annual diagnoses are about a third of that.
A cancer diagnosis can be a challenging, life- changing event. Your job as the patient or caregiver is to learn as much about your diagnosis as you can, in as short a time as possible. Only after learning about your diagnosis can you make the best decisions possible- for you and your loved ones.
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A tumor develops when the cells in response to a signal from the nervous system release hormones into the blood. Or cancer that begins in specialized cells such as neuroendocrine cells is termed neuroendocrine tumors.
Basically, it can occur anywhere in the body though, it is very rare. These cells aid in the regulation of various functions of the human body, such as reproduction, growth, and metabolism.
Many neuroendocrine tumors mostly occur in the pancreas, lungs, rectum, small intestine, and appendix. They are distributed throughout the body. These tumors grow very quickly and some grow slowly.
‘’Yes’’ can be a brief answer to this question.
Based on the appearance of the tumor cells examined by the microscope, pathologists describe them as either ‘’malignant’’ (cancerous) or ‘’benign’’ (non-cancerous). It cannot tell you unfortunately whether the tumor will behave aggressively and will metastasize.
Some tumors grow and spread easily while some do not. However, you can consider all of them to be cancerous.
There are various types of NETs, some of them are;
This tumor can form in the pancreas but can also typically arise outside the pancreas.
They can also grow in the brain, lymph nodes, gonads (testes and ovaries), skin, and bone. These tumors mostly occur in the lungs, digestive tract, thymus, and appendix.
It typically develops in the adrenal gland but it is a rare type and also can be formed in other parts of the human body.
It is categorized in two ways;
In this category, the tumor pushes on another structure physically. It relates to the function of a single part of the body, like pain in a particular place and obstruction of the small bowel.
This involves uncontrolled blood sugar, severe gastric ulcer, and severe diarrhea that correspond improperly to treatment. Its place in the body varies depending on where the tumor formed.
It usually does not show symptoms and signs in the first place. The signs you feel in general are whether it produces excess hormones and depends on the location of your tumor.
Some symptoms may include;
Functional tumors (that produce excess hormones) may induce:
People who inherit genetic syndromes have a greater risk of neuroendocrine tumors that enhance cancer. Some risk factors are;
Its exact cause is still unknown. The neuroendocrine cells are found throughout your body. Neuroendocrine cells have traits that are alike to hormone-producing cells and nerve cells.
There are various kinds of NETs. Some neuroendocrine tumors do not release hormones to cause symptoms (non-functional tumors). While some produce an excess hormone (functional tumors).
When neuroendocrine cells develop then the changes in their DNA mean it mutates, that’s the phase these tumors start to form. In the cell, DNA has instructions on what the next step a cell has to follow. These adaptations command the cell to form a tumor by multiplying rapidly.
Some tumors destroy the normal body tissues by invading the cell and start to metastasize to the other parts of the cell too. On the other hand, others take some time to grow properly. Moreover, a correct combination of adequate supportive cancer-related care therapies can assist you to handle the side effects of the disease in a better manner.
A variety of screening tests can help an oncologist to detect diseases early. Such as
Some other treatment methods include alpha-adrenergic blockers and radiation therapy. Many oncologists may perform laparoscopic surgery to eliminate the tumor.
Depending on the stage and type of the diseases some most common options for the NETs treatment are given below:
Depending on the treatment goals and type of NETs, some options include hormone therapy, chemotherapy, and targeted therapy.
The patients having localized NETs often take the first-line treatment by removing the primary tumor through surgery.
When the neuroendocrine tumor has spread, radiation therapy is generally recommended. Moreover, the location also makes the surgery difficult.
You can reduce breathing problems and relieve pain when a gastroenterologist removes the obstructions in the gastrointestinal tract.
You can manage this disease with various options that involve;
Besides, some reports suggest that in the United States the total incidence of NETs is between 5-9 million individuals. There might be a reason that these are underreported tumors due to not producing dramatic symptoms and growing slowly. Even so, various signs of tumors are due to those hormones which are secreted by tumors and can affect the whole human body.
For oncology specialists who treat such types of life-threatening diseases, precision in coding and billing is imperative to provide quality healthcare service to patients. Oncologists can rely on an experienced medical billing company to receive correct reimbursements on time and meet their claim submission tasks efficiently.
C7A – Malignant neuroendocrine tumors.
Similarly, oncology coding and medical billing is a time-consuming and complicated task. The screening tests, diagnosis, and procedures take a lot of time while documenting accurately by using the accurate CPT codes.
Oncology medical billing services provided by a reputable medical billing company can help healthcare providers to focus on what matters most_ their patients.