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“Nonetheless, MM patients successively relapse after one or more treatment regimens or become refractory, mostly due to drug resistance. This review focuses on the main drugs used in MM treatment and on causes of drug resistance, including
The introduction of new drugs and combined regimens improved the overall survival of MM patients in recent years. However, drug resistance is still a concern to the majority of patients and particularly for the ones that relapsed or became refractory to those novel therapies.
Understanding the different mechanisms of drug resistance will allow the identification of new targets and the development of novel drugs to counteract this clinical problem. This review highlighted the major novel available therapeutics for MM and causes of drug resistance.
Of note, MM tumor cells may acquire simultaneously various alterations responsible for drug resistance, being particularly relevant when occurring in CSCs. Most importantly, the alterations in MM cells do not justify all cases of drug resistance, and attention needs to be paid to alterations in the tumor microenvironment and to intercellular communication.
It is imperative to be able to classify MM patients and to define at an early stage of the disease appropriate personalized therapeutic strategies. Thus, it will be necessary to fully understand the molecular mechanisms involved in drug resistance for different drugs, in order to identify new molecular targets and therapeutic tools to overcome this problem and prolong MM patients’ survival.”
“Diet-based chemoprevention of cancer has emerged as an interesting approach to evade the disease or even target its early phases, reducing its incidence or slowing down tumor progression. In its basis in the essential role of angiogenesis for tumor growth and metastasis, angioprevention proposes the use of inhibitors of angiogenesis in cancer prevention.
The anti-angiogenic potential exhibited by many natural compounds contained in many Mediterranean diet constituents makes this dietary pattern especially interesting as a source of chemopreventive agents, defined within the angioprevention strategy. In this review, we focus on natural bioactive compounds derived from the main foods included in the Mediterranean diet that display anti-angiogenic activity, as well as their possible use as angiopreventive agents.